Treasury of the National Jewels

If you want to drool over gold and glitter, take a look at the Treasury of the National Jewels. you’ll get to see a collection of some of the most expensive jewels in the world. Highlights include the world’s largest uncut ruby, the world’s largest pink diamond (the Sea of Light) and a free standing golden globe made from 34 kilograms of gold and an astounding 51,366 precious stones. You’ll get to see the collection of jewels including Darya-e-Noor diamond, the sister diamond to the Kuh-e-Noor diamond. Other highlights include the world’s largest uncut ruby and a free standing golden globe made from 34 kilograms of gold and an astounding 51,366 precious stones. Most of the collection in the National Jewelry Museum of Tehran dates back to Safavid-era, as they conquered neighboring empires and drew them back into Persian heartlands. The Safavids scoured for jewels and struck private deals between Ottoman and Indian lands, collecting ever more booty to decorate their capital of Isfahan city.

But when the Safavid empire crumbled the vast collection became one of the highest profiled spoils of war. First Mahmud Afghan invaded Iran in 1722, he plundered the treasury and sent everything to India. Until 1736, when Nader Shah Afshar ascended to the throne, he sent messengers to India to request the safe return of the jewels. When his powers of persuasion couldn’t meet the task, Nader Shah sent an army in 1739 to convince them instead. To get the Persian Armies off his back, Mohammed Shah of India was obliged to return the “Darya-i-Noor”, and the “Koh-i-Noor” diamonds (Persian for ‘Sea of Light’ and ‘Mountain of Light” respectively), in addition to the infamous “Peacock Throne” and other assorted treasures. It is estimated that the total worth of the booty came to roughly £87.5 million sterling at the time, or approximately £15 billion in today’s money.

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