Fin Garden and Bath

Fin Garden and Bath Landscapes World Heritages

Fin Garden, or Bagh-e Fin, located in Kashan, is a historical Persian garden which was completed in 1590.The origins of the garden may be anterior to the Safavid period. Some sources indicate that the garden has been relocated from another place, but no clear picture of it has been found. The settlements of the garden in its present form was built under the reign of Abbas I of Persia (1571-1629), as a traditional bagh near the village of Fin, located a few kilometers southwest of Kashan.The garden was developed further during the Safavid dynasty, until Abbas II of Persia (1633-1666). It was highly recognized during the reign of Fath Ali Shah Qajar and was considerably expanded. The garden subsequently suffered from neglect and was damaged several times until, in 1935, it was listed as a national property of Iran.Fin Garden contains Kashan’s Fin Bath, where Amir Kabir, the Qajarid chancellor, was murdered by an assassin sent by King Naser al-Din Shah in 1852.The garden covers 2.3 hectares with a main yard surrounded by ramparts with four circular towers. In keeping with many of the Persian gardens of this era, the Fin Garden employs a great many water features.

These were fed from a spring on a hillside behind the garden, and the water pressure was such that a large number of circulating pools and fountains could be constructed without the need for mechanical pumps.As for the planting, each of the parterres have avenues lined with cypress and plane trees, with varieties of almond, apple, cherry, and plum trees planted as well and combines architectural features of the Safavid , Zandiyeh and Qajar periods.  Flowers such as lilies, irises, eglantine, rosebushes, jasmine, amaranth, gillyflower, narcissus, violets, and tulips also are present.

Bagh-e Fin is among the 9 Iranian Gardens which are collectively registered as UNESCO World Heritage Sites under the name of the Persian Garden on July 18, 2012.

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