Abyaneh is a village in Barzrud Rural District, located on foot of Karkass (Volture) mountain, 70 km to the southeast of Kashan and 40 km to Natanz, Isfahan Province. At the 2006 census, its population was 305, in 160 families. Characterized by a peculiar reddish hue, the village is one of the oldest in Iran, attracting numerous native and foreign tourists year-round, especially during traditional feasts and ceremonies.
This Village is one of the Iranian historical villages that contain some works from Sassanid period to the present time. It owns several unequal attributions just like the unique temple of “Herpak”, a Chief mosque with a unique mihrab from Seljuk period, houses harmonious with climate and mountainous land. One can see Sassanid Pahlavic words in daily conversation as well as villagers’ clothing that is rooted in earlier times.
Abyaneh Village is known as the Red Village because of its red soil and houses. The houses of Abyaneh bear an ancient architectural style, featured by the use of clay as the construction material and latticed windows and wooden doors. The village is compact, with narrow and sloped lanes, and houses located on the slope as if placed on a stairway. The roofs of some houses are used to serve as the courtyard for other houses higher up on the slope. Most of the windows of Abyaneh houses have balconies which protrude into the alleyways and decorated with colorful flowers.
Abyaneh is mainly watered by the River of Barzrud and has a cold climate. It enjoys numerous springs creating suitable conditions for agriculture. The main agricultural products generated in Abyaneh are wheat, barley, potatoes and fruit such as apples, pears and apricots. As of late, carpet weaving has also become popular in the Village. Therefore Abyanaki people make a living in this way.
An Abyanaki woman typically wears a white long scarf (covering the shoulders and upper trunk) which has a colorful pattern and an under-knee skirt. Abyanaki people have persistently maintained this traditional costume.