Brief history

Qazvin

Qazvin

Qazvin is the largest city and capital of the Province of Qazvin in Iran. Located 150 km (93 mi) northwest of Tehran , Qazvin was an ancient capital in the Persian Empire and nowadays is known as the calligraphy capital of Iran. The city was a former capital of the Persian Empire under Safavids. The city today known as Qazvin is thought to have been founded by Shapur II, King of Persia in 250 CE, under the name Shad Shahpur (shad can be read as ‘happy’), when he built a fortification there to control regional tensions.

Archeological findings in the Qazvin plain reveal urban agricultural settlements for at least nine millennia. Qazvin geographically connects Tehran, Isfahan, and the Persian Gulf to the Caspian seacoast and Asia Minor, hence its strategic location throughout the ages. Qazvin has sometimes been of central importance at major moments of Iranian history. It was captured by invading Arabs (644 AD) and destroyed by Hulagu Khan (13th century). After the Ottoman capture of Tabriz, Shah Tahmasp (1524–1576) made Qazvin the capital of the Safavid empire (founded in 1501 AD), a status that Qazvin retained for half a century until Shah Abbas I moved the capital to Isfahan.

In the second half of the 19th century Qazvin was one of the centers of Russian presence in northern Iran. A detachment of the Persian Cossack Brigade under Russian officers was stationed here. From 1893 this was the headquarters of the Russian Company for Road construction in Persia which connected Qazvin by roads to Tehran and Hamadan. The company built a hospital and the St. Nicolas Church.

Qazvin’s climate is a local steppe climate. During the year there is little rainfall. Most of Qazvinis are Persians and speak the Qazvini Persian  which was influenced by Pahlavi Language . but there are Turk and Tat Minorities . Majority of qazvinis are shia muslims , but there are also few followers of various sects of Christianity .

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